Querying audits

A guide to using auditor-bundle.

auditor provides both a query object and a reader to query the full history of any audited entity and even paginate results.

Reader

doctrine-provider

The Reader makes it easy to query and retrieve audits from the storage. It heavily relies on the Query object and takes care of checking roles and auditable state of a given entity.

The Reader takes a provider as the only parameter of its constructor.

Example:

$reader = new Reader($provider);

Preparing a query

Querying the audits is done by preparing a query and running it.
Creating a query is done by calling Reader::createQuery(string $entity, array $options = []): Query

Example:

$reader = new Reader($provider);

// creates a query on Author audits without any option set
// this would return all the author audits 
$query = $reader->createQuery(Author::class);

It is possible to specify filters to be applied to the created query using the $options parameter.

  • type add a filter on the audit type (INSERT, UPDATE, REMOVE, ASSOCIATE, DISSOCIATE)
  • object_id add a filter on the audited element ID
  • transaction_hash add a filter on the transaction hash
  • page will select the given page of entries
  • page_size defines the page size

Examples:

$reader = new Reader($provider);

// creates a query on Author audits with a filter on the object ID
// audits of the author which ID is not 5 will be filtered out. 
$query = $reader->createQuery(Author::class, [
    'object_id' => 5,
]);

// the above code could also be written like this 
$query = $reader
    ->createQuery(Author::class)
    ->addFilter(Query::OBJECT_ID, 5);
;

Retrieving audits

Once a query has been created and prepared, it has to be executed to retrieve audits.

Example:

$reader = new Reader($provider);

// creates a query on Author audits
$query = $reader->createQuery(Author::class);

// retrieves audit entries for Author entity
/** @var DH\Auditor\Model\Entry[] $audits */
$audits = $query->execute();

// retrieves audit entries for Author entity (oneliner)
/** @var DH\Auditor\Model\Entry[] $audits */
$audits = $reader->createQuery(Author::class)->execute();

To make it easier, a dedicated method is available: Reader::getAuditsByTransactionHash(string $transactionHash): array

Example:

$reader = new Reader($provider);

// retrieves audit entries across all entities for the given transaction hash: '123abc'
/** @var DH\Auditor\Model\Entry[] $audits */
$audits = $reader->getAuditsByTransactionHash('123abc');

Query

doctrine-provider

The Query object is a thin wrapper on top of Doctrine's Doctrine\DBAL\Query\QueryBuilder. It allows to query and retrieve audits from the storage.

The Query object takes both a table name and a connection (Doctrine) as parameters of its constructor.

Example:

// create a Query object to query/retrieve data from `author_audit` table.
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);

Filters

By default, a query object will return all the audit entries of the related table when executed. This can be a very expensive task (both time and memory consuming) and ultimately of little interest. But of course, you can refine the query by adding filters.

There are three types of filters:

  • standard filter
  • range filter
  • date range filter

You can get the list of available filters by calling Query::getSupportedFilters()

This method will return an array of available filters. They also are available as constants of the Query class.

  • Query::TYPE allows to filter by audit type (INSERT, UPDATE, REMOVE, ASSOCIATE, DISSOCIATE)
  • Query::CREATED_AT allows to filter by audit creation date and time
  • Query::TRANSACTION_HASH allows to filter by transaction hash
  • Query::OBJECT_ID allows to filter by audited element ID
  • Query::USER_ID allows to filter by user
  • Query::ID allows to filter by audit ID
  • Query::DISCRIMINATOR allows to filter by discriminator (cf. Doctrine inheritance)

Standard filter

A standard filter is materialized by SimpleFilter class.

Since 1.2.0, method Query::addFilter(string $name, $value): self is deprecated in favor of Query::addFilter(FilterInterface $filter): self

Examples:

use DH\Auditor\Provider\Doctrine\Persistence\Reader\Filter\SimpleFilter;

// filtering audit entries whose transaction hash is exactly '123abc'
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(new SimpleFilter(Query::TRANSACTION_HASH, '123abc'));

// filtering audit entries whose transaction hash is either '123abc', '456def' or '789ghi'
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(new SimpleFilter(Query::TRANSACTION_HASH, ['123abc', '456def', '789ghi']));

Range filter

A range filter is materialized by RangeFilter class.

Since 1.2.0, method Query::addRangeFilter(string $name, $minValue = null, $maxValue = null): self is deprecated in favor of Query::addFilter(FilterInterface $filter): self

Examples:

use DH\Auditor\Provider\Doctrine\Persistence\Reader\Filter\RangeFilter;

// filtering audit entries whose object ID (author ID) is >= 10
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(new RangeFilter(Query::OBJECT_ID, 10));

// filtering audit entries whose object ID (author ID) is <= 10
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(new RangeFilter(Query::OBJECT_ID, null, 10));

// filtering audit entries whose object ID (author ID) is >= 10 and <= 25
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(new RangeFilter(Query::OBJECT_ID, 10, 25));

Date range filter

A date range filter is materialized by DateRangeFilter class.

Since 1.2.0, method Query::addDateRangeFilter(string $name, ?DateTime $minValue = null, ?DateTime $maxValue = null): self is deprecated in favor of Query::addFilter(FilterInterface $filter): self

Examples:

use DH\Auditor\Provider\Doctrine\Persistence\Reader\Filter\DateRangeFilter;

$min = DateTime::createFromFormat('Y-m-d', '2020-01-17');
$max = DateTime::createFromFormat('Y-m-d', '2020-01-19');

// filtering audit entries whose creation date is >= 2020-01-17
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(new DateRangeFilter(Query::CREATED_AT, $min));        

// filtering audit entries whose creation date is <= 2020-01-19
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(new DateRangeFilter(Query::CREATED_AT, null, $max));  

// filtering audit entries whose creation date is between 2020-01-17 and 2020-01-19
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(new DateRangeFilter(Query::CREATED_AT, $min, $max));  

Multiple filters

When adding multiple filters, they are combined with an and logic.

Ordering

Query results can be ordered by calling Query::addOrderBy(string $field, string $direction = 'DESC'): self

Example:

$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addOrderBy(Query::CREATED_AT, 'ASC');

$entries = $query->execute();   // entries are ordered by ascendant creation date/time 

Limit & offset

It is possible to extract only a portion of the results at a specific offset by calling Query::limit(int $limit, int $offset = 0): self

Example:

// only the first 10 results
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->limit(10);     

// 10 results starting at the 6th result (from the 6th to 15th)
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->limit(10, 5);     

Executing

Queries are executed by calling Query::execute(): array

Example:

// filtering audit entries whose transaction hash is exactly '123abc'
$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(Query::TRANSACTION_HASH, '123abc');

$entries = $query->execute();   // $entries is populated 

Counting

It is possible to count results without retrieving them by calling Query::count(): int

Example:

$query = new Query('author_audit', $connection);
$query->addFilter(Query::TRANSACTION_HASH, '123abc');

$count = $query->count();   // $count holds the number of audit entries matching the applied filters